Lalo Schifrin on his love of the music for ‘Tango’

By Ray Bennett

Argentinian composer Lalo Schifrin, who turns 85 today, is known for his concerts, recordings, film scores such as “Bullitt”, “Cool Hand Luke” and “Dirty Harry” and TV shows such as “Mission: Impossible” and “Mannix” but one of his most treasured works was for Carlos Saura’s Oscar-nominated musical “Tango”.

“I feel very proud of being involved in that movie,” Schifrin told me in 1998 just before the film had its international premiere at the Toronto International Film Festival.

Directed by Carlos Saura and shot by three-time Academy Award-winning cinematographer Vittorio Storaro, “Tango” meant so much to the composer because of the way the film connected music and film to the terrifying period of dictatorship in his homeland.

During the years of repression in the Seventies when the military and Argentinian dictators were in power, they kidnapped people for any reason, he reminded me.

“It started as a civil war but then, like all these things, it got out of hand and the military became very fascistic and very brutal. Constitutional rights were finished,” he said. “They were torturing people and they were playing tangos very loud in order to cover up the screams of the victims. They used electric prods and any method of torture and they killed many people. They calculated that 40,000 to 50,000 people disappeared in that period. In the movie, there is a tango that I did with the Philharmonic Orchestra of Buenos Aires titled ‘The Repression’. It’s a very, very strong moment.”

He contributed around 45% of original music for “Tango”. Source music was used for the ballroom dance scenes but Schifrin supervised the orchestration of the traditional tangos and one titled ‘Calambre’ by Ástor Piazzolla, with whom he had performed: “I did the score in the rhythm of the tango. The movie is a musical without songs as Carlos tells the story through dance. It’s not a documentary; he tells a story through the tango.”

Schifrin explained that what happened to tango music in that period in Argentina was similar to the swing era when bands led by Glenn Miller, Harry James, Artie Shaw and Duke Ellington were popular: “They were playing for dance but they sounded different. The same thing happened in Argentina for tangos. Each one of the bands had a style. Some of the arrangements we could retrieve but very few. The others had to be reconstructed from records. I had to supervise the hiring of different orchestrators and ensure that the arrangements were exactly the same style as those orchestras.”

He recorded the score in Buenos Aires, he said, because the best tango musicians were there: “I used very good soloists, in comparison, going back to jazz, with Charlie Parker. I had the best bandoneon player, Nestor Marconi. That’s the instrument that Piazzola played. It’s a concertina but it’s big and very difficult to play. It was invented in Germany in the 16th century. In poor churches, they couldn’t afford an organ so they had a portable bandoneon. I had some of the best violin players, all-stars. There’s a pianist named Horatio Salgan who is like an Argentinian Oscar Peterson. He’s 80 years-old and he not only plays but he appears in the movie.”

Schifrin’s musical reputation reaches far beyond Hollywood. Born in Buenos Aires into a musical family, he received classical training there and in Paris and then ventured into jazz in Europe and South America. He performed with Piazzolla and later Dizzy Gillespie, Xavier Cugat and Johnny Hodges. His own works range from concert music to jazz and he has recorded with artists ranging from Ella Fitzgerald and Sarah Vaughan to Placido Domingo and Julia Migenes.

He has written many commissioned works and arrangements for orchestras around the world and for such events as the Three Tenors World Cup celebrations in Rome, Paris and Los Angeles. In 1996, he arranged and conducted a major concert in France to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the first cinema images by the Lumiere Brothers. Some of the tree-hour concert is available on a CD titled “Film Classics”.

With four Grammy Awards and six Oscar nominations to his credit, many of Schifrin’s recordings are available on his wife Donna Schifrin’s record label, Aleph Records, and via his own website.

He chooses not to name a favourite: “I like all of them because it’s like asking a father which of his children he likes better.”

Schifrin also declines to categorise film music. He told me, “In the whole history of talkies, since sound started in movies, you cannot talk about the state of the art in terms of music because it changes according to the movie and the composer and the style. Sometimes B-movies have great music, so it depends. I don’t think you’ll ever be able to make a generalisation because movies have one aspect that is artistic and the other aspect is industrial. It is an industry and because of that, it depends on fads – wide lapels, you know? Basically, the composers who have personality, they do what they do. Bernard Herrmann, when he did ‘Psycho’, he was not going by fads, he was inventing things. The best composers are the ones who try to make a contribution by inventing things.”

The photo of Lalo Schifrin at the top was taken when he was awarded BMI’s Max Steiner Film Music Achievement Award for his outstanding contributions to film music at the Wiener Konzerthaus in Vienna on October 22, 2012. Afterwards, David Newman conducted the Vienna Radio-Symphony Orchestra in a selection of Schifrin’s compositions during the annual Hollywood in Vienna Concert, which celebrates classic and current masterpieces of film music. 

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Twenty of the best films of the century so far

 

By Ray Bennett

LONDON – The New York Times critics have named their choices of the best movies of the 21st century so far. They include titles such as “I’m Not There”, “L’Enfant” and “The 40-Year Old Virgin” but ignore fine films such as “Arrival”, “The Grand Budapest Hotel” and “Inception”.

Any such list is, of course, subjective. We all can think of great films overlooked but here, in alphabetical order, are 20 more films that for me have been highlights of the century so far. All are available on Blu-ray and/or DVD except “The Sun Also Rises”.

12
Russian filmmaker Nikita Mikhalkov’s film version (pictured above) of Reginald Rose’s fine play “12 Angry Men”, which screened in competition at the 2007 Venice International Film Festival, takes the basic plot of a dozen jurors who must decide the fate of an accused murderer and expands it into an examination of modern Russia. The essential debate about democratic justice and all of the suspense remains, but the defendant is a Chechen youth charged with killing his Russian stepfather. That permits an illuminating exploration of the post-Soviet era as each juror reveals his background, life choices and prejudices. Eduard Artemev’s score adds all the right touches.

All is Lost
Robert Redford (pictured above) gives a career-best performance as a man alone in peril aboard a sailing craft in the Indian Ocean in J. C. Chandor’s first-class 2013 thriller. A voice-over at the start speaks of doom and regret and the film flashes back to eight days earlier when the man awakens in the cabin of his sailboat to discover water flooding in from a hole made by a freight container that has fallen from a container ship. With extraordinary intensity, the film relates the man’s attempts to save his boat and himself. Alex Ebert robust music won the Golden Globe for best original score.

Apocalypto
Not for those for whom Mel Gibson can do no right and not for anyone who hates excessive violence, but this full-tilt 2006 thriller (pictured above) is a masterpiece of pace and excitement. It’s a pure chase movie set in a roughly pre-Columbian time where Mayan rulers wreak gut-churning horror on anyone they choose. With barely any dialogue, the film follows a young man named Jaguar Paw (Rudy Youngblood) who lives a simple life with his young family in the forest. That ends when blood-thirsty warriors descend on their home, killing at random and taking away women and children for who knows what fate. Paw sets out to save them. It’s ferocious stuff and definitely not for the squeamish but the director manages to place the violence in a place and time where it is plausible. Major contributions by cinematographer Dean Semier, editor John Wright and composer James Horner.

The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford
Easily my choice as best film of 2007 Andrew Dominik’s elegiac and epic Western is elegant, detailed and profound. Dominik’s screenplay, adapted from a splendid novel by Ron Hansen, offers rich opportunities to a fine cast. Brad Pitt (pictured above and top), who was named best actor at the Venice film festival, plays Jesse James with Casey Affleck as Robert Ford. The film has an evocative production design by Patricia Norris, beautiful images by cinematographer Roger Deakins and expert editing by Curtiss Clayton and Dylan Tichenor. Music and songs by Nick Cave and Warren Ellis add to the often plangent mood. More than a Western, it’s an examination of envy and the dangers of fame.

The Band’s Visit
Eran Kolirin’s little 2007 gem is a delightful movie that tells a simple tale of a group of dignified Egyptian musicians on a trip to Israel who end up in the wrong town but encounter a night of magic. Starring Sasson Gabai and Ronit Elkabetz (pictured above), it’s smart and tender, and filled with small moments of high comedy. Spry and laced with understated wisdom, it’s a glorious road show that posits larger themes not only about the relations between the countries but also of mankind. It does so with such deferential grace and good humour that the grandness of the themes never gets in the way of an entertaining scenario underscored with droll comedy and counterpointed with unexpected revelations. Habib Shadah’s score enhances the changing moods.

Carlos
Epic depiction by French director Olivier Assayas of the life of the international terrorist known as Carlos the Jackal shot in three parts for television with all 5 hours and 33 minutes screened in full at the 2010 Festival de Cannes. It is a tremendous achievement that shines a light on the way many countries use criminals to further their domestic and international goals. Politically informative, it also offers great drama with excitement and suspense, and no little tragedy. Assayas and his cast bring the huge number of characters to life, and in Venezuelan actor Edgar Ramirez (above right) he found a performer who captures the Carlos’s enormous ego, considerable charm and manifest criminality.

Children of Men
In his gripping 2006 thriller “Children of Men,” director Alfonso Cuaron takes the classic movie formula of a cynical tough guy required to see an innocent party to safe harbour and shoots it to pieces. Set in 2027, with the world gone to hell in a hand basket, the film paints a bleak portrait of a future in which complete global human infertility has meant that no babies have been born anywhere in 18 years. Cuaron and co-scripter Timothy J. Sexton do the important little things that help make characters believable and take sufficient time to register the deeper impact of things that are troubling the world. John Taverner’s score echoes those themes smartly. Michael Caine, Peter Mullan and Julianne Moore (pictured above with Owen) add vivid cameos. Owen carries the film more in the tradition of a Jimmy Stewart or Henry Fonda than a Clint Eastwood or Harrison Ford.

The Constant Gardener
John Le Carré’s terrific novel is adapted by Jeffrey Caine for a tense, exciting and profoundly disturbing 2006 thriller directed by Brazil’s Fernando Meirelles. Ralph Fiennes plays a mild-mannered, garden-tending British diplomat stationed in Kenya where his beautiful activist wife (Rachel Weisz) gets into serious trouble when she tries to expose the corruption of big pharmaceutical companies exploiting the country. Her violent death sparks him into action as he tries not only to solve her murder but reveal collusion between the U.K. authorities and the drugs firms. Fiennes and Weisz (who won the Academy Award as best supporting actress) are outstanding with fine support from a cast that includes Hubert Koundé, Danny Huston, Bill Nighy and Gerald McSorley. Production designer Mark Tildesley and cinematographer César Charlone take full advantage of the colourful locations enhanced by a typically insightful score by Alberto Iglesias.

The Edukators
That rare beast, a terrific movie that boasts intelligent wit, expert storytelling, delightful characters, and grown-up dialogue plus suspense and a wicked surprise ending. Directed and co-written by Hans Weingartner, the 2004 German-language film’s ambition is high as it grafts all the elements of a thriller onto a fascinating discussion of the need for kids to rebel. Daniel Bruhl, Stipe Erceg and Julia Jentsch play students who take their politics seriously but feel they have no voice. With a membership list from the city’s yacht club, they break into rich homes where they they stack furniture, put objets d’art in the toilet, toss the couch into the pool and stick the stereo in the fridge. They leave a note: “Your days of plenty are numbered,” signed The Edukators. It goes horribly wrong when a home owner surprises them. They panic and kidnap him but he turns out to be far from what they expected. Smart and sophisticated, it’s a thriller that, along with Andreas Wodraschke’s music, will leave you smiling.

Happy-Go-Lucky
No one expects confection from British sobersides Mike Leigh and so his light-as-air film “Happy-Go-Lucky” is as surprising as it is delicious with an indelible performance by Sally Hawkins (pictured above), who was named best actress at the 2008 Berlin International Film Festival. Her performance divided audiences but to me she is a marvel with her urchin looks and irresistible smile. She plays an irrepressibly cheerful, smart, confident and goofball but caring primary school teacher named Poppy. There’s no plot to speak of as it’s just a snapshot of Poppy at work being watchful of her flock, at home with her friends and family, and at play with the world. Darkness appears in the form of a pupil  abused at home and a  disturbed  driving instructor (Eddie Marson) who becomes infatuated with her, both of which test Poppy’s eternal optimism. Gary Yershon’s playful music adds to the pleasing mood of a lovable film, which shares Poppy’s optimism without being syrupy or sentimental.

I Served the King of England
Forty years after their “Closely Watched Trains” won the Oscar for best foreign-language film, director Jiri Menzel in 2007 adapted another novel by the late Bohumil Hrabal, one with a similar sensibility. It’s a picaresque tale of an ambitious but naive Czech waiter whose gumption, opportunism and blinkered awareness of events see him thrive amid political and social upheaval. The film begins with a grizzled, aging Jan Dite (Oldrich Kaiser) released after 15 years in a Czech prison and flashbacks tell how the fates have conspired to bring him to this pretty pass. Ivan Barnev (pictured above) is sublime as the young man, gifted with the physical grace of great comedians and with expressive features that encourage sympathy despite some of the unsympathetic things he does. It’s a saga told sumptuously of childlike wonder in the face of dark corruption and war, mixing high comedy, surreal sequences and genuine drama viewed from a wise, jaundiced perspective. Its all accompanied by Czech composer Ales Brezina’s savvy score.

Julia’s Disappearance
Sophisticated and insightful, Swiss director Christoph Schaub’s German-language comedy “Julia’s Disappearance” is a romantic comedy based on the feeling that as people get older they become invisible to others. Corinna Harfouch plays Julia, a cultured and beautiful woman who is anxious about her 50th birthday party where friends are waiting to celebrate the milestone. She delays her arrival not least because of a chance meeting in a department store with a charming man played by Bruno Ganz (pictured above with Harfouch), who gives a master-class in the art of seduction. While Julia and her stranger dally over drinks, her colourful friends discuss the various pains and pleasures of getting older with sharp dialogue and great timing. Several strands are interwoven cleverly with warm and wry comedy. Balz Bachmann’s nimble score adds to the pleasure of a film that suggests getting older has its rewards and the days of pure screen romance are not a thing of the past. The film won the public award after its world premiere in the Piazza Grande at the 2008 Locarno International Film Festival.

Julietta
Pedro Almódovar’s sublime 2016 film “Julieta” is a reminder of how, in the hands of a master, a lifetime’s drama can be shown movingly and memorably in little more than an hour and a half of great cinema. It is sumptuous with great performances and a marvellous score by Alberto Iglesias. A tale of motherhood and loss drawn from short stories by Canadian Nobel Prize-winner Alice Munro in her 2004 collection “Runaway”, it follows a melancholy middle-aged teacher in Madrid named Julieta (Emma Suárez) as she reflects on her marriage to a romantic fisherman, Xoan (Daniel Grau), and their daughter, Antia, from whom she has been estranged for many years. Vivacious Adriana Ugarte (pictured above right with Inma Cuesta) plays the younger Julieta and together with Suárez they create an unforgettable character.

The Master
Paul Thomas Anderson’s complex and accomplished 2012 film “The Master” addresses the conflict between the puritan and hedonist traditions of the United States as it adjusts to its new potential and place in the world after World War II. The two extremes are exemplified in the characters of Lancaster Dodd (Philip Seymour Hoffman), a self-righteous authoritarian founder of a quasi-mystical cult, and Freddie Quell (Joaquin Phoenix, pictured above left with Hoffman), a self-interested flouter of authority in search of personal freedom. Their clash and recognition of the strengths and failings in each other that could be a mirror image form the basis of a film with no formal narrative arc, many strange happenings and an imponderable resolution. It is quite wonderful and boasts another typically fine performance by Amy Adams as Dodd’s implacable wife. Anderson’s regular composer Jonny Greenwood captures time and place evocatively.

The Piano Tuner of Earthquakes
Directed by the American Quay Brothers, this is a finely crafted 2005 horror film with a devious storyline and hauntingly beautiful production design that together are the stuff of nightmares. Integrating puppetry, animation and live action, the film (in Portuguese and English) has echoes of “Phantom of the Opera” and Jules Verne’s subterranean adventures. Terry Gilliam’s name on the credits as executive producer guarantees that it will appeal to those with a taste for something more than slightly twisted. The film is about vanity and pride, and the caging of beauty. Its elaborate fabrication has an intoxicating quality that captures the imagination like all good horror stories. British composer Christopher Slaski, who provides a suitably penetrating score, was named Best Young European Film Composer by the World Soundtrack Academy in 2009.

The Royal Tenenbaums
Splendidly enjoyable Wes Anderson 2001 saga about the weird and wonderful Tenenbaum family whose estranged patriarch (Hackman) returns to announce that he is soon to die. Anjelica Huston plays his former spouse with Ben Stiller, Gwyneth Paltrow and Luke Wilson as their offspring. The cast includes Owen Wilson, Bill Murray, Danny Glover, Seymour Cassel, Kumar Pallana and Alec Baldwin. Hackman is marvellous and the entire cast raise their game delightfully aided by an agile score by Mark Mothersbaugh.

The Sun Also Rises (Taiyang zhaocheng shengqi)
Fluid motion and glorious colours provide a visual treat in Jiang Wen’s sumptuous romantic fantasy, which screened in competition at the 2007 Venice International Film Festival. Flowers in bloom, intricately embroidered slippers, billowing curtains and a belly as soft as velvet are among the sensuous elements in a quartet of interrelated stories about characters who are variously addled, lecherous, vengeful and yearning in the four quadrants of China in the mid-1970s. Produced lavishly and shot imaginatively, the film is a delight for those who enjoy extravagantly gorgeous imagery without the violence that usually accompanies it. Besides being wonderful to look at, the film is great fun with sure-handed performances and Joe Hisaishi’s variegated score adds to the entertainment.

Synecdoche, New York
Oscar-winning screenwriter Charlie Kaufman’s first film as a director, “Synecdoche, New York,” mesmerises some and mystifies others, while some are bored silly. Philip Seymour Hoffman (pictured above left) is riveting as a theatre director who wins a lucrative genius award and decides to spend it on creating a synecdoche of his life as an ongoing drama staged in a vast building. Screened first at the Festival de Cannes in 2008, it has a dream-like quality but Kaufman says it’s not supposed to be a dream. It’s an otherworldly jigsaw puzzle of duplicated characters, multiple environments and shifting time frames. It requires concentration to stay up with all the changing characters and many abrupt moves in many directions. Many scenes are flat-out hilarious but the film has a deeply affecting aura of true melancholy. Mankind’s knowledge of death and the unknowable depths of other people’s minds are central to the story. Some sequences are simply there because it’s the movies and movies should be fun, but others are both poetic and profound, helped considerably by Jon Brion’s score.

Tulpan 
Polished, funny and utterly charming, Kazakhstan director Sergey Dvortsevoy’s first feature film won the top prize in the Un Certain Regard sidebar at the 2008 Festival de Cannes. It tells of a family who not only endure but also relish the harsh life of sheep- and goat-herders on a barren landscape. Set on the bleak and windswept Hunger Steppe in southern Kazakhstan, 500 kilometres from the nearest city, it’s about a nomadic peasant existence that demands hard work from everyone with pleasures few and far between. The film’s universal story of conflict between generations and the way little eccentricities make life bearable with accessible humour makes it a delight.

Under the Skin
The vivid old Scots word “eldritch” could have been coined for Jonathan Glazer’s spooky 2014 film “Under the Skin” starring Scarlett Johansson (pictured above) as an alien on the prowl in Scotland. Based on Michael Faber’s frightening novel of the same name, it dispenses with much of the detail in the book to create an extraordinarily haunting mystery about the strangest of strangers in very strange land. Johansson is chilling as a creature in human form who tries hard to muster human warmth as she ventures out at night to cull young men as fodder for her fellow aliens whose activities, unlike in the fearful revelation of the novel, are never made clear. The result is hypnotic and unearthly. Glazer spurns the typical tropes of stories about aliens, ghoulies and ghosties with a relentless tone. The sometimes banal, and often startling images are from cinematographer Daniel Landin and there is an unsettling sound mix that blends eerily with Mica Levi’s disturbing score.

Here’s the New York times list

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A subjective list of movie scores that I like very much

By Ray Bennett

LONDON – “A good music score,” two-time Academy Award winner Randy Newman told me, “cannot turn a bad movie into a good movie but it can raise its IQ by a couple of notches.”

My friends at the World Soundtrack Awards in Ghent recently drew attention to a ranking of the best film soundtracks published sometime ago in The Guardian newspaper and when I said it was a terrible list, they asked me to make my own suggestions, so here goes. Continue reading

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Memories of KFMF’s brilliant 2017 birthday party

By Ray Bennett

LONDON – Most big film shindigs including Festival de Cannes and events from Berlin to Venice are like being in a bubble. When you’re there, nothing else matters. As soon as it’s over, you forget about it. The Krakow Film Music Festival (KFMF) is the exception.

Every year, those lucky enough to be there continue to share memories long after it ends. KFMF’s principal organisers, Robert Piaskowski and Agata Grabowiecka oversee a dedicated team and a flock of volunteers each year to produce a festival that celebrates film and television music in the best possible way: they invite the best. Continue reading

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On the James Bond set with Roger Moore

By Ray Bennett

LONDON – Roger Moore, who died on May 23 aged 89, told me that really he was a frustrated bank robber. “It’s only fear that’s stopped me from robbing banks, and that’s why I’m a movie actor. I’d get caught. I’ve never been caught acting.”

I spoke to him at Pinewood Studios on Dec. 10, 1984, on the set of his last James Bond picture, “A View to a Kill”. He had just been shooting an action scene with co-star Tanya Roberts. Unruffled, he sat on a director’s chair in the middle of a very cold soundstage smoking the first of several Davidoff cigars he would enjoy through the day. Continue reading

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‘Being a nice guy is acting’ and more great Roger Moore quotes

By Ray Bennett

LONDON – Roger Moore, who died Tuesday aged 89, spoke to me at Pinewood Studios on Dec. 10 1984 on the set of his last James Bond picture, “A View to a Kill”. Here are some highlights from my interview (see full story above): Continue reading

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KFMF: Adventure and tears as orchestra plays ‘Titanic Live’

By Ray Bennett

KRAKOW – The Krakow Film Music Festival raised James Cameron’s “Titanic” to new heights as it screened to a live performance of James Horner’s Oscar-winning score to mark the film’s 20th anniversary.

The festival had planned to invite the American composer to celebrate the occasion before he died aged 61 on June 22, 2015. He was piloting a single-engine plane when it crashed into a remote area about 60 miles north of Santa Barbara in California. Continue reading

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TV’s ‘Perry Mason’, Raymond Burr was someone to count on

By Ray Bennett

LONDON – Anyone who recalls “Perry Mason” or “Ironside” will recall Raymond Burr, who was born 100 years ago today. He was one of the biggest stars on television from the Fifties through to the Nineties … in more ways than one. Continue reading

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KFMF: Great composers light the beacon for 10th anniversary

By Ray Bennett

KRAKOW – The Krakow Film Music Festival celebrated its 10th anniversary on Saturday night with a spectacular concert of movie and television themes by some of the greatest names in film composing.

The three-hour show at the packed Tauron Arena included themes and songs by James Newton Howard, Jan A.P. Kaczmarek, Alan Menken, John Williams, Alan Menken and Howard Shore, who was awarded the annual Kilar Award. Continue reading

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KFMF: Septuagenarian Giorgio Moroder rocks the night

By Ray Bennett

KRAKOW – Composer and music producer Giorgio Moroder showed that he has lost none of his steam at 77 as he was the special guest dee-jay at an Eighties-style late night street party as part of the Krakow Film Music Festival.

Dance2Cinema: Midnight Express Party was a free show on Jan Nowak-Jeziorański Square next to the city’s train station that attracted a huge crowed eager to disco-dance the night away. Continue reading

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